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Victory Ship

U.S. Maritime Commission design type VC2-S-AP2

The Victory ship was 445 feet long with a capacity of 10,850 deadweight tons, slightly more than its forerunner the Liberty ship. Most importantly, the vessel was capable of a speed of just over 15 knots, which put it in the same class as the Maritime Commission’s highly-touted “C” type standard cargo ships that took much longer to build.

A more streamlined V-shaped hull and stronger engine enabled the Victory ships to achieve the faster speed. Although there were initial concerns that the gears necessary for a steam turbine engine would not be available, by the time construction of the Victory ships began in 1943, the commission was able to secure a sufficient supply.

There were five sub-types of Victory ships; this model shows the most basic and numerous, the AP2 type. The AP3 type was nearly identical but equipped with a more powerful and slightly faster engine.  The AP4 type was experimentally equipped with a diesel engine, but only one was ever built.  The AP5 type was built explicitly as a troop transport that could carry 1,500 soldiers in converted cargo holds.  Finally, AP7 types were purchased and finished by private shipping companies after the war ended.

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The Maritime Commission designed the Victory ships with an eye toward their post-war careers; as the Commission sold them to commercial operators throughout the late 1940s, Victory ships became the backbone of many U.S. shipping companies’ post-war merchant fleets. This model details a Victory ship after its conversion to its post-war commercial configuration; the gun tubs that were on the forecastle and on the deckhouse near the stern have been removed and the ship is painted with the American Export Lines livery .

Head-on view showing the curve of the hull
Head-on view showing the curve of the hull.
View of the stern, propeller, and rudder of the model.
Detailed view of the model’s stern, propeller, and rudder.
View of the forward part of the ship and cargo booms
Detailed view of the forward section of the ship and cargo booms.
Starboard view of the house and accommodation ladder.
Starboard view of the house and accommodation ladder.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Maritime Administration Heritage Asset, Object 1948.002.0001)

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