SS Mount Washington (T-AOT-5076)
The Mount Washington was a petroleum tanker built as the Mount Washington Victory in 1963 by the Bethlehem Steel Company shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts. Owned by Victory Carriers, the vessel was charted by the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS), now known as Military Sealift Command. The Maritime Administration took title of the vessel and renamed it Mount Washington in November 1987. Mount Washington entered the Ready Reserve Force (RRF) in October 1989.
In 1993, the Maritime Administration substantially refitted Mount Washington, adding an Offshore Petroleum Distribution System (OPDS) to the vessel. OPDS is designed to transfer petroleum products directly from an offshore tanker to support military operations on shore. A pipeline is run to the beach from a mooring buoy where tankers can attach and pump fuel to onshore storage facilities. The OPDS is particularly effective at locations where fuel piers are unavailable, and tankers are unable to tie up ashore to off-load fuel.
In April 2005, the Maritime Administration downgraded Mount Washington to the National Defense Reserve Fleet, and it was moved to the Suisun Bay Reserve Fleet anchorage later that year. The vessel was further downgraded to Non-retention status in October 2007.